Latvia history

Latvia celebrates the 100th Birthday of the State

The history of Latvia began around 9000 BC with the end of the last glacial period in northern Europe. The first human settlers arrived here during the Paleolithic Age 11,000–12,000 years ago.

 

Ancient Baltic peoples arrived in the area during the second millennium BC, and four distinct tribal realms in Latvia’s territory were identifiable towards the end of the first millennium AD. Latvia’s principal river Daugava, was at the head of an important trade route from the Baltic region through Russia into southern Europe and the Middle East that was used by the Vikings and later Nordic and German traders.

 

Around 3000 BC, the proto-Baltic ancestors of the Latvian people settled on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea. The Balts established trade routes to Rome and Byzantium, trading local amber for precious metals.

 

The name Latvija is derived from the name of the ancient Latgalians, one of four Indo-European Baltic tribes

 

After centuries of Swedish, Polish and Russian rule, a rule mainly executed by the Baltic German aristocracy, the Republic of Latvia was established on 18 November 1918 when it broke away and declared independence from Russia in the aftermath of World War I.

 

On 18 November 2018 the country celebrated Latvia’s centenary with a wide range of celebratory events and festivities that will take place from 2017 to 2021.

 

Read more about the centenary celebrations: https://www.lv100.lv/en/